The Ministry of Defence (MoD) has accidentally released a secret NATO report complete with code words, ciphers, co-ordinates, radio frequencies and a host of other “special instructions” needed for huge war drills currently under way around Scotland.
The manual marked “restricted” somehow made its way into the email inboxes of fishermen and ferry operators
An MoD official mistakenly circulated a manual for planned air operations during major military exercises involving more than a dozen countries. Joint Warrior 161 is currently being played out around Scotland, while Griffin Strike 16 is taking place around the southwest coasts of England and Wales.
The 192-page manual, marked “NATO restricted” on every page, was sent by email to fishing and ferry operators on March 29. They were meant to receive a guide to when, where and how shipping areas might be affected during the exercises.
But instead they were given technical details of aircraft “killbox” target areas, code decryption tables, radio jamming rules and authentication protocols. As well as dozens of codewords, call signs and map co-ordinates, the report includes long lists of phone numbers, email addresses and military facilities.
The MoD admitted that there had been a “communications issue” but said it had taken “appropriate measures” to deal with it. Critics accused the MoD of an “embarrassing” mishap, and called for an investigation.
The bungle comes as conservationgroups warn that underwater noise caused by the exercises could put whales, dolphins and porpoises in danger. Bomb practice near Cape Wrath on the northwest coast of Scotland was blamed for stranding and killing 19 pilot whales in 2011.
Exercise Joint Warrior 161, which runs from April 11-23, involves more than 3,400 troops, 40 aircraft, 22 ships and four submarines. Co-ordinated from the naval base at Faslane on the Clyde, it also uses RAF Lossiemouth in Moray and the Cape Wrath and Benbecula firing ranges.
Brendan O’Hara MP, the Scottish National Party’s defence spokesman in Westminster, warned that security could have been compromised. “The careless circulation of this document represents a leak of highly sensitive information,” he said.
“This could compromise the safety and security of the whole exercise. The MoD must investigate this breach and review their communications procedures around exercises as soon as possible.”
Veronika Tudhope, West of Scotland candidate for the Scottish Green Party, described the leak as “an embarrassing faux pas”. “I can’t help thinking time would be more effectively spent on keyboard training than at sea and in the air,” she said.
“That would save resources and avoid a great deal of disruption to fishing, ferries and other shipping in the West of Scotland as well as ensuring military secrets are not accidentally sent to those who may misuse them.”
An MoD spokesman said: “A communications issue around the Joint Warrior and Griffin Strike exercises was identified and appropriate measures have been taken. There is no impact to the public, military personnel or units participating in the exercise.”
When pressed, the spokesman said he couldn’t go into the measures that have been implemented “because we don’t want to expose how we do business”. He insisted that arrangements for the exercise had not been changed.
The MoD also stressed that it took the potential impact of the exercises on wildlife “very seriously”. Its sonar mitigation procedures were regularly reviewed and supported by independent scientific assessment, it said.